State and Local Government Workforce: 2013 Trends


This annual survey conducted by the Center and the International Public Management Association for Human Resources (IPMA-HR) finds that as local and state government workers head for the exits, human resource managers say their top concern is staff development. (5/13)

Center for Excellence
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Key findings:
  • 33 percent report pay freezes, compared with 51 percent in 2012
  • 18 percent report layoffs, compared with 28 percent in 2012
  • 27 percent report hiring freezes, compared with 42 percent in 2012
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Workforce Trends 2013_13-354

The survey finds that the pace of state and local government retirements continues to be high. Three hundred and twenty-three (323) IPMA-HR members took part in the survey, which was conducted in March and April 2013.

There are signs that the improving economy has begun to reach state and local governments, as they ease up on layoffs and compensation freezes imposed since the economic downturn of 2008.

Other findings include:

  • Twenty-two percent of retirement-eligible employees accelerated their retirement date in 2013, the same as 2012.
  • The number of governments making changes to health and retirement benefits remains high, with 56 percent modifying health benefits in 2013 and 44 percent making changes to retirement plans.
  • The change most often cited was to shift more health care costs from the employer to employee (reported 52 percent of governments that made changes).  Twenty-eight percent of governments that made changes created wellness programs.
  • Twenty-nine percent of governments that had made changes to their pension plans increased current employees’ contributions; 34 percent of these governments increased employee contributions for new hires only.
  • Increases in retirement age and service requirements for new hires were reported by 26 percent of respondents whose governments had made changes to the retirement benefit they offer.