State and Local Government Workforce: 2013 Trends


This annual SLGE survey of human resource officials tracks state and local government trends in a wide range of workforce-related areas including hiring, retirement, and changes to retirement and health benefits, among others.

In 2013, the pace of state and local government retirements continues to be high. However, there are signs that the improving economy has begun to reach state and local governments as they ease up on layoffs and compensation freezes imposed since the economic downturn of 2008. Key findings include:

  • 33 percent of state and local governments reported pay freezes, compared with 51 percent in 2012.
  • 18 percent reported layoffs, compared with 28 percent in 2012
  • 27 percent reported hiring freezes, compared with 42 percent in 2012
  • The number of governments making changes to health and retirement benefits remained high, with 56 percent modifying health benefits in 2013 and 44 percent making changes to retirement plans.

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