State and Local Government Workforce: 2016 Trends


This report details the findings of an annual SLGE survey of HR officials that tracks state and local government trends in a wide range of workforce-related areas including hiring, retirement, changes to retirement and health benefits, and other trends.

For the third year in a row, state and local governments reported an increase in hiring. Pressure on benefits continued, with employees taking on greater shares of health care costs and contributions to pensions. As the rate of retirements accelerate, there is a greater sense of urgency about recruitment, retention, and succession planning. Key findings include:

  • 77 percent of state and local governments reported hiring staff.
  • 41 percent hired contract or temporary employees.
  • 54 percent reported that retirements were higher in 2015 than in 2014.
  • 21 percent made changes to retirement benefits, and 52 percent made changes to health benefits.
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